The primary molding process mainly used in the plastic industry is injection molding.
With the help of the injection molding machine and the influence of heat, the plastic material is brought to a viscous state.
Subsequently, the melt is injected under pressure into the cavity in the mold.
The shape and surface structure is determined by the geometry of the cavity.
Cooling or cross-linking reaction (for elastomers) solidifies the part and it can be ejected after opening the two mold halves.
The injection molding process is particularly suitable for large quantities.
This is due to the fact of high mold costs which need to be payed proportionally by the produced parts.
Injection molded parts can be used directly after ejection.